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Shotgun shooting is a lot of fun! Are you looking for shotgun choke tubes? Well, you've come to the right place. We boast a wide selection of choke tubes from manufacturers like Carlson's Choke Tubes, Browning, Mossberg, Beretta, Remington, Ruger, Winchester, and more! Professional and beginning shotgun shooters will find the choke tube sizing chart and guide below very useful in understanding and fine-tuning your favorite firearm to each individual situation and type of shooting that will be done.

Shotgun Choke Tube Sizes Explained

If you are wondering what shotgun chokes are, you've come to the right place. Many shotgun shooters and hunters, even experienced ones that have been shooting for a number of years would be stumped if asked about choke tubes. A choke tube restricts the end of the shotgun barrel, so when the shot exits the muzzle it is more concentrated. The purpose is to have a tighter pattern at further ranges, increasing the number of pellets, or BBs, at a further distance. The shot pattern is measured in percentage of BBs that are in a 30" circle at 40 yards. The more restricted the choke - the greater percentage of total BBs are in that circle.

The choice for a choke tube that you use is dependant upon what type of shooting you will be doing. Turkey hunters and clay shooters may choose tighter chokes. Trap shooters and upland bird hunters may opt for a wider choke tube. Not too long ago, adjustable choke tubes were non-existent. To get the correct choke, you would go to a gunsmith, ask for a particular choke, and they would alter the end of the barrel to be restricted to you specifications. Professional and amateurs shooters today have a convenience of choosing their shotgun chokes from various brands and that fit various types of shooting that they will be doing.

There are six main types of shotgun choke tubes: Cylinder, Skeet, Improved Cylinder, Modified, Improved Modified, and Full. Choke sizes can vary from manufacturer to manufacturer and some may have other chokes sizes such as extra full for even longer range patterns. Chokes can either be flush, or extended. Flush chokes are screwed in using choke tube wrenches. Extended are intended to be screwed in by hand and protrude from the end of the barrel. Most shotguns today come with at least one screw-in choke. They can be designated using a notch system (as can be seen in the chart below). For home defense, a more open choke may be used to spread the shot out to increase hit percentage. Shooting clays or turkey hunting may require using a full, or even an extra full choke tube.

Choke Sizes and Shot Patterns at Various Distances:

20 yds 30 yds 40 yds
Cylinder (//////): 80% 60% 40%
Skeet (/////): 90% 70% 50%
Improved Cylinder (////): 100% 80% 50%
Modified (///): 100% 80% 60%
Improved Modified (//): 100% 90% 70%
Full (/): 100% 95% 70%

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